Terentiy
Add answer
Answers: 1

Homework

Homework is an independent study without the direct guidance and assistance of a teacher. Therefore, the formation of independence in educational and cognitive activity is one of the leading functions of homework. It is especially important that independence in educational and cognitive activity is a condition for the formation of independence as a personality trait. Only at home, the student can try different types of self-control and choose the most effective, identify the features of memory and, depending on them, learn a lesson "for oneself", aloud or while making notes, sketches, diagrams.
Do not forget that the requirement time is the education of initiative, activity, those qualities, without which creative work is impossible. To promote a creative attitude to business is one of the tasks of homework.

Homework should be a means of bringing learning and self-education closer together. Indeed, mastering general educational skills and abilities, developing interest in independent educational work, developing experience in creative activity - all these are conditions for the formation of the need for self-education. Willingness to self-education is the most important quality of a graduate of a school is manifested and can be formed not only in senior, but also in the youngest school age. The ambiguity of the role of homework, the significance of its functions determine its necessity as an organic part of a single educational process in school.

In school practice, the following types of homework are used: individual;

group;

Creative;

differentiated;

one for the whole class;

making homework for a desk mate.

The rules of home school work of students.

First: Students need to know that the process of understanding and mastering knowledge should be dispersed. This means that for a comprehensive understanding and a firm assimilation of program material, one should thoughtfully learn lessons in more than one “sitting down”, and turn to their study several times over a period of time.

Second: Homework must be completed on the day they are received. The point is that the material learned in the lesson is intensively forgotten in the first 10-12 hours after perception. During control checks, it turned out that after an hour, the subjects could reproduce about 44% of these words, and after 2.5 to 8 hours, only 28%.

Third: When starting to prepare homework, it is imperative to create a psychological mindset for their accurate implementation and a solid assimilation of the material studied. How to do it? It is necessary to think over in detail the goal that must be achieved when completing homework. It is one thing when you want to complete it and quickly go for a walk, and another - when to set a goal to complete the task as best as possible, not to show haste and strive for deep understanding and assimilation of the material.

Fourth: If the homework includes the assimilation of material from the textbook and the implementation of various exercises, then its preparation should begin with work on the textbook. The procedure for working with the textbook is as follows: first you need to try to recall what remains of the lesson. Then you should carefully read the paragraph of the textbook, highlighting the most important provisions, rules, conclusions, striving for their deep understanding and assimilation. After that, you need to apply the methods of reproduction and self-control: retelling the material aloud or to yourself, drawing up a plan of what you read, answers to questions from the textbook, etc. If difficulties arise in the process of self-control, it is necessary to work with the textbook once more and achieve free and complete reproduction of the material under study. The specified technique relates mainly to the junior and middle classes. In high school, it changes significantly: along with the textbook, students often use additional sources of knowledge (texts of fiction, popular science literature, historical documents, etc.). But in general, the general system of homework here retains its features, which were discussed. Equally important in high school is the use of self-control techniques. Moreover, with a significant increase in the volume of homework, their role in the solid assimilation of knowledge becomes even higher.

Psychologists have established that the assimilation of knowledge and methods of activity is much stronger if it is dispersed over time. The initial perception and consolidation of knowledge in the lesson with any arbitrarily effective organization of the educational process must necessarily be supported by subsequent reflection, application of new knowledge, linking the new with the old, its creative processing. Only that knowledge becomes the beliefs of a person that they independently considered, experienced. And if the primary perception and consolidation of knowledge can be frontal, then the subsequent work should be individual, independent, in the volume and pace that each student needs for a complete and solid assimilation of the material. This is possible only in the conditions of independent educational work at home.

The success of the teaching as a whole often depends on how successfully homework is being prepared.